Tuesday, 29 March 2011

Tips Menulis - Dewi Lestari

(ini copy-paste dari blog Dewi Lestari, ga nemu link aslinya, karena saya baca blog itu sekitar tahun 2008-an)

Tips #1

1. To cut off excess emotion (and spare our readers’ eyes from suffering): Kurangi tanda seru, tanda baca berlebihan, titik-titik yang terlalu panjang, huruf yang dilipatgandakan untuk kesan dramatis (e.g., “aaaaaargh!”, “Iyaaaaaaaa… iyaaaaaa…”). Trust me, THREE is enough. We get it! Thank you! Tanda baca, I tell ya, is a very powerful tool. Use it wisely, otherwise we’ll weaken its meaning, thus kill our own writing.

2. You’re about to write a novel, NOT A 50 PAGES of SMS! Inserting an sms text can be cute, especially when there’s a special purpose behind it. If that’s the case, by all means, go for it. But too much of it will be… well, too much. Keep that sms style in your own cellphone. Don’t torture your readers any further, they had enough already from their daily cellular interactions.

3. We’re writers, but don’t write’em all down. Trust our readers’ ability to imagine things. And give them some inspiring and convincing description, bukan sekadar deskripsi harfiah akibat malas mikir. A person laughs, okay, but we don’t need to read the “hahahaha”. A person’s heartbeat is racing, okay, but we don’t need to read the “dag-dig-dug”. A person walks through a dark alley, fine, but we don’t need to read the “sret-sret-sret”. A phone rings, please, save the “KRING! KRING! KRING!” for a toddler’s storybook.

4. Keep the dialogue efficient. Sometimes we try to so hard to create a lively situation, we forget that universe favors efficiency. We don’t have to write each, small responses like: “Ha?”, or “APA?!”, or “Huh!”. Do it when it’s really, really essential, and when we don’t have any better way to describe the character’s state of being. All good movies or tv series are efficient with wordings, for every minute counts. Every minute has to be captivating. Blah movies are not, that’s why we usually want to go out of the theatre within the first 15 minutes, or change the channel after ten seconds. Unless it’s really necessary and it serves a certain purpose, cut all excessive responses.

5. I cannot begin to tell you, and to remind myself, how important editing is. No, bukan cuma editorial bahasa. Tapi ritme dan penataan tempo adegan demi adegan—khususnya jika kita mengerjakan cerita bersambung, or a great romance/novel. Membaca novel, apalagi yang ekstra tebal, adalah perjuangan. Bagi saya, ini adalah salah satu aspek terberat yang harus saya kerjakan. Bagaimana mengatur adegan demi adegan dalam sebuah bab hingga selalu menyisakan umpan yang membuat pembaca untuk terus melanjutkan. And that’s what I’ve tried to learn from Candy-candy, Pop Corn, Ke Gunung Lagi… yakni bagaimana umpan-umpan yang kita miliki dapat tersebar dengan tepat hingga perjalanan novel itu tidak membosankan, dan selalu ada sesuatu yang dituju. In short, we have to create an addiction. I think this also differs good movies from crappy movies. The first builds a magnetic ride that sticks our butt to the theatre’s chair, the latter builds an imaginary farm with all white and fluffy sheep for us to count to slumberland.

6. Do you like sad ending? I don’t. I know some people who are just so into sad, tragic, black endings, which is completely okay, really. Not every story in real life ends up with a happy ending. Sad, tragic, black endings are real. But I just hate it when I’ve spent so much time and energy to finish up a book, a thick one, and finally stumbled with a sad, helpless feeling at the end. It just SUCKS! I’d like to feel empowered, inspired, and satisfied at the end of my struggle. A happy ending doesn’t have to be like the typical Hollywood where they just… have to… kiss. Argh. Happy endings can be made classy and subtle. All in all, I just don’t have the heart to devastate my readers with a sad ending, especially after I’ve dragged them to finish hundreds of pages. You better not too. Well, it’s your choice at the end of the day, but please warn me before I spend my good money on your suck ending.

7. This may be my exclusive, subjective experience, but I personally found that these things are counterproductive, distractive, and dangerous for our writing, for they may interrupt our working session, suck dry our energy, and taking up so much of our precious time. People, if you’re into serious writing where every hour counts, stay away from these poisons: FRIENDSTER, FACEBOOK, MY SPACE, MAILING LIST.

8. Seperti halnya anggur, tape, tempe, peuyeum, saya pun percaya bahwa tulisan adalah ‘makanan’ yang harus melalui proses fermentasi yang pas dan memadai untuk bisa matang. Terkadang proses fermentasi ini menjadi barang mewah saat kita dikejar deadline yang mepet. But trust me, this phase is very important. May it be a day or a week, give our writing a time to ripen. Close your manuscript and leave it untouched. Then, after a while, read it again and watch for yourself how the magic starts to happen. Yes. Your writing will reveal its true face. Most of the time, it gets uglier. But this is the true reality, and we need to face it. Justru pada saat tulisan kita menunjukkan wajah aslinya, kita punya kesempatan untuk memperbaiki apa-apa saja yang sekiranya kurang. Based on my experience, this fermentation process should be at least 5 days. Two weeks will be perfect.

9. Careful, though, the fixing process may seem endless. Each time we ferment our writing, we’ll always find some new things to fix. Jadi, biasanya saya hanya membatasi sampai tiga kali. Selepas tiga kali… just let it go. Ikhlaskan. Ini pun ujian yang cukup berat untuk para penulis, yakni: menarik garis usai. Sampai hari ini pun terkadang saya masih gatal ingin memperbaiki manuskrip Supernova, atau Filosofi Kopi. But I know, once they’ve ripened, we need to honor our writing as it is. Berhenti di satu titik usai, dan menerima karya kita apa adanya. Our flaws and imperfections may still be there, but embracing them means we embrace ourselves, including our mistakes and weaknesses. I tell ya one secret: no work is perfect. Makna kesempurnaan bagi saya bukan lagi karya tanpa cacat, melainkan penerimaan yang menyeluruh dan apa adanya.



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